Time & Calendaring
"What is Time? IS IT AN EVER-ROLLING STREAM THAT bears all our dreams away, as the old hymn says? Or is it a railroad track? Maybe it has loops and branches, so you can keep going forward and yet return to an earlier station on the line."
The Universe in a Nutshell
"Who can explain it easily and briefly, or even when he wants to speak of it, comprehend it in his thought? Yet is there anything we mention in our talking that is so well known and familiar? So what then is time? If no one asks me, I know, if they ask and I try to explain, I do not know."
-St. Augustine Confessions
"Time is fundamental to so many things that we do, people take it for granted. But it's a generated thing, not a naturally occurring phenomenon we're just monitoring, We actually make time."
Ronald Beard (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory Wash .D.C.)
"Time is not at all what it seems.
It does not flow in only one direction,
and the future exists simultaneously
with the past."
"Time goes, you say, ah no! Alas, Time stays, we go."
"Dost thou love Life? Then do not squander Time; for that's the Stuff Life is made of."
"Hold fast the time! Guard it, watch over it, every hour, every minute! Unregarded it slips away.....Hold every moment sacred. Give each clarity and meaning, each the weight of thine awareness, each its true and due fulfillment."
"Dark time that haunts us with the briefness 'of our days"
-Thomas Wolfe "Of Time and the River"
"Time touches all things with a destroying hand."
Charles Waddell Chestmutt
"Lo, I am Time, that causes worlds to perish, grown mature, and come forth here to swallow up the world."
-Bhagavad Gita 22,32
"All that time is lost which might be better employed."
"Dost thou love life? Then do not squander time; for that's the stuff life is made of."
"It is only the time we 'waste' with our friends that counts."
The Little Prince
"Time is everything, man is nothing: he is at the most time's carcass."
The Poverty of Philosophy
"The whole psychology of modern disquiet is linked with the sudden confrontation with space-time."
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
"Time's glory is to calm contending kings,
To unmask falsehood and bring truth to light,
to stamp the seal of time in aged things,
To wake the morn and sentinel the night,
To wrong the wronger till he render right."
-William Shakespeare "The Rape of Lucrece."
"Lo, I am Time, that causes worlds to perish, grown mature, and come forth here to swallow up the world.."
Bhagavad Gita 22,32
"If we take eternity to mean not infinite temporal duration but time-less ness, then eternal life belong to those who live in the present....Our life has no end in just the way in which our visual field has no limits....Not only is there no guarantee of the temporal immortality of the human soul, that is to say of its eternal survival after death; but, in any case, this assumption fails to accomplish the purpose for which it has always been intended. Or is some riddle solved by my surviving forever? Is not this eternal life itself as much of a riddle as our present life? The solution of the riddle of life in space and time lies outside space and time."
"Today" means boundless and inexhaustible eternity. Periods of months and years and of time in general are ideas of men, who calculate by number; but the true name of eternity is Today."
Philo of Alexandria
"TIME, whether we realize it or not, is so closely interwoven with our every thought and action that we all perform our every thought and action that we all perform our daily and various tasks in complete compliance with it. Unswerving and relentless, Time measures the span of our lives and records individual, communal, national and world affairs.
Is the calendar-the recorder of Time-the best instrument we could have? Does it serve us well in every way? Or is it a willful taskmaster by which we are daily and hourly tried.?"
The Calendar for Everybody (1943) –(a very interesting book… Achelis is one of the original thinkers on this subject..)
See: the World Thirteen Moon Calendar...by Dr. Jose Arguelles Ph.D.
…For is not everything predicated on Time? Time which is known as a healer, can truly heal when the calendar is healed."
It is significant that among the lesser known books printed by Gutenberg and his associates, was the Astronomical Kalendar 1447
(International Fixed Calendar League in London)
The ancient calendar was lunar and among the Celts the months commenced on the 6th day after the first new moon, while the year began on the 6th day after the first new moon following the vernal equinox. Each month was divided into 2 fortnightly periods. Moon time: the great intellectual triumph of women’s culture
Calendaring-To make a calendar
Calendarian-a calendar maker.
Book: "Calendar: Humanity's Epic Struggle to Determine a True and Accurate Year" by David Ewing Duncan
"Of all the ancient timekeepers, the Mesoamericans (especially the Maya) developed the most complex and intricate calendrical systems. The oldest Mesoamerican calendar inscriptions date from 600 B.C. They devised a 260-day calendar called the sacred count, used for divination, astrology, and religious record keeping. This calendar gave each day a name, much like contemporary days of the week. There were twenty day names, each represented by a unique symbol. The days were numbered from one to thirteen. With twenty day names, after the count of thirteen was reached, the next day was numbered one again. The 260-day sacred-count calendar was in use throughout Mesoamerica for centuries, probably before the beginning of writing. No other cultural groups in the world have used a 260-day calendar. No one knows just when, how, or why the Mesoamericans decided upon a period of 260 days. Their shared geographical location and weather patterns and the agricultural cycles of the northern tropics probably influenced its development. Its design may tie together several astronomical events, such as the configurations of Mars, appearances of Venus, or eclipse seasons. Contemporary Mesoamericans, who still use the 260-day count is based on the length of the human gestation period."
Lost Discoveries: The Ancient Roots of Modern Science-from the Babylonians to the Maya
book: Mapping Time: The Calendar and its History by E.G. Richards
Oxford University Press
"The Sumerians may have been the world's first people to develop a calendar based entirely on the recurrence of the complete, or synodic phases of the moon and to use the moon's synodic periods as the basis for a twelve-month, 360-day year. To keep the lunar-year calendar in step with the solar year, they intercalated an extra month every now and then, probably when the royal astrologers realized the calendar had fallen severely out of step with the seasons. The official decisions to intercalate a month was taken by King Hammurabi of Babylon (1792-1750 B.C..) The later Babylonians knew that the 360-day year did not match the lunisolar year, and may not have used the solar year much.
Throughout the long history of Mesopotamia, timekeeping centered on one primary problem-knowing when the new moon crescent would be visible at a rising time each period. Predicting the positions of the moon phase, or period, and these periods; correspondence to the periods of the planets, evolved into the later Babylonians' celestial obsession. Their solutions to these problems would in turn evolve into a science and a method of scientific thinking we use today."
"From earliest times, the calendar has served religious purposes, denoting the time of festivals and religious holidays. Indeed, two of the most notable recent efforts to change the calendar were deliberate efforts to break this ancient connection. After the French revolution a new calendar was introduced dating from the founding of the Republic on Sept. 22, 1792. Each month was divided into three "decades" of 10 days each; the day was to be divided into 10 hours with 100 minutes per hour and 100 seconds per minute. Watchmakers were instructed to manufacture decimal clocks and watches, and the law strictly prohibited the use of the old calendar."
"Time is an invention, a cultural artifact, a formation of culture. It has no existence outside culture. And it’s a pretty exact measure of alienation."
"Why has time disappeared in our culture? How is it that after decades of inventions and new technologies devoted to saving time and labor, the result is that there is no time left? We are a time-poor society; we are temporally impoverished. And there is no issue, no aspect of human life, that exceeds this in importance. The destruction of time is literally the destruction of life."
Money and the Meaning of Life
"To everything there is a season
And a time to every purpose under the heaven:
A time to be born, and a time to die;
A time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;
A time to break down, and a time to build up;
A time to mourn, and a time to dance;
A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together;
A time to keep, and a time to cast away;
A time to rend, and a time to sew;
A time to keep silence, and a time to speak;.....
Ecclesiastes (formerly Koholeth) which became a 60's hippie anthem)
"Though all the luminaries of the ages devoted their combined genius to this one theme, they could never satisfactorily expound this phenomenal fog that darkens men's minds. Men will never allow anyone to take possession of their estates, and at the slightest dispute on boundary lines they pick up stones and rush to arms; but they do allow others to trespass on their lives, and themselves introduce intruders who will eventually claim full possession. Nobody on earth is willing to distribute his money, but everybody shares out his life, and to all comers. men are very strict in keeping their patrimony intact, but when it comes to squandering time they are most lavish of the one item where miserliness is respectable.
I should like to buttonhole one of the oldsters and say to him: "I see that you have reached the highest life expectancy and are now close to a century or more; please give us an itemized account of your years. Calculate how much of that span was subtracted by a creditor, a mistress, a patron, a client, quarreling with your wife, punishing your slaves, gadding about the city on social duties. Add to the subtrahend self-caused diseases and the time left an idle blank. You will see that you possess fewer years than the calendar shows. Search your memory: how seldom you have had a consistent plan, how few days worked out as you intended, how seldom you have enjoyed full use of yourself, how seldom your face wore an inartificial expression, how seldom your mind was un-flurried, what accomplishments you have to show for so long a life, how much of your life has been pilfered by others without your being aware of it, how much of it you have lost, how much was dispensed on groundless regret, foolish gladness, greedy desire, polite society-and then realize that your death will be premature."
Senaca (4 B.C.-A.D. 65)
"Men always had reason to measure time, for ceremonies and the like, but sometimes I think we’d all be better off if we had no clocks or calendars. Then we might never get old, for we wouldn’t know the passing of time."
Louis L’ Amour
"The calendar of the Mayan people may be one of the oldest and most sophisticated systems of timekeeping known to mankind. Until the advent of our atomic clocks, based on the vibration of the cesium atom, the Mayan calendar rivaled the accuracy of any records of time known before the twentieth century. To the present day, descendants of the ancient Maya track time and ascertain the correct date through a system that, according to experts has "not slipped one day in over twenty-five centuries." Reorganizing nature as recurring cycles of events, the Mayan calendar mirrors that people's understanding of time as a system of intermeshing periods."
The Isaiah Effect
See Calendarland on the internet
Calendarland links you to an array of celestial, cultural, religious, and historical calendars on the web. And more…..
"In the summer of 1929, I was vacationing with friends at the Lake Placid Club in the Adirondack Mountains. Hearing of a lecture on "How to Simplify Life, " I decided to attend as the subject was intriguing. I invited some of my friends to join me but as they all refused I went alone to hear the views of Dr. Melvil Dewey, famous for his filing system in our public libraries, and the founder of the club. Dr. Dewey divided the lecture into three subjects: the first, simplified spelling; the second, the need of a universal weight and measure system; and the third, the importance of improving the calendar. The third aroused my interest as I had never given the calendar particular thought, taking it for granted. Its familiarity had impressed itself as enduring, and now I was learning that it had been changed before and could be changed again. I was also told of its many defects and how…..(from the Calendar for Everybody)
The World Calendar
Each Year the same
This 12-month-equal quarter calendar is the same for every year.
The quarters are equal I length.
Each quarter begins on Sunday and ends on Saturday, contains 3 months-13 weeks-91 days.
Month-dates always fall on the same weekdays. Each month has 26 weekdays-plus Sundays.
Year-End Day and Leap-Year Day, the extra Saturdays, December W and June W, are World Holidays.
Each year begins on Sunday, January 1, and the business year begins with Monday, January 2. Because a World Holiday precedes Sunday, the usual custom of celebrating Sunday holiday on Monday is voided
This revised calendar is balanced in structure, perpetual in form, harmonious in arrangement.
The World Calendar is a mathematical masterpiece. It deals successfully with the difficult numbers 7 and 13 as with the easy numbers 2,3,4,6. And by means of the new stabilizing World Holidays the calendar has become a steady time-system.
It is remarkable that there is no one person after whom the calendar can be named. The World Calendar gradually evolved from Switzerland, first, as the result of a study made at the request of the International Congress of Chambers of Commerce in 1914, and later through the activities of the League of Nations. Many minds have contributed, valuable historical facts have been unearthed, greater knowledge and understanding have been gained, and yet no one can claim it.
As the name implies, the new calendar belongs to the world: it is world-wide in purpose, usage, and possession.
"Time that ‘takes survey of all the world’ should itself be one and the same for all the world."
The New York Times,, an editorial "Calendar Contentions," Aug 26,1935
B.C. 4241 or 4236 Origin of Egyptian Sun Calendar
B.C. 3251 Date contended by Jotham Johnson
B.C. 753 Founding of Rome (A.U.C.1)
B.C. 304 Ceneius Flavius liberates calendar
B.C. 238 Ptolemy Eurgetes proposes leap year day; rejected
B.C. 153 New Year is changed to January 1
B.C. 63 Julius Caesar is introduced
B.C. 46 Year of confusion (445 days)
B.C. 45 Julian Calendar introduced
B.C. 8 Augustus Caesar adjusts leap year rule, certain leap years eliminated
A.D. 1 Christian era begins
A.D. 8 Leap years reinstated
A.D. 238 Censorinus deals with measurement of time
A.D. 321 Constantine introduces the week into the civil calendar
A.D. 325 Council of Nicea
A.D. 325-385 Macrobius’ account of calendar in Saturnalia
A.D. 532 Dionysius Exiguus establishes Christ’s birth as 1 A.D.
A.D. 1582 Gregorian Calendar introduced
A.D. 1731/32 George Washington’s birth
A.D. 1752 Great Britain adopts Gregorian Calendar
A.D. 1834 Abbe Mastrofini proposes perpetual calendar with extra stabilizing days
A.D. 1849 August Comte devises 13-month calendars
Quarters; rA.D. 1887 Astronomical Society of France awards prize to perpetual 12-month calendar of equal months-rejects 13-month calendars
A.D. 1900 Non-Roman churches at Eisenach study calendar revision
A.D. 1910 Congress of International Chamber of Commerce adopts resolution in favor of calendar revision
A.D. 1912-1914 Calendar revision continued
A.D. 1914 International Chamber of Commerce requests Swiss Government to study question and to call a conference. World War I prevents further activities.
A.D. 1922 International Astronomical Union’s Commission 32 recommends perpetual 12-month equal-quarter calendar
A.D. 1923 League of Nations includes study on calendar revision and a Special Committee is formed.
A.D. 1924 Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic religions state there are no dogmatic objections to calendar revision and fixed Easter
A.D. 1925 International Chamber of Commerce approves League activity for calendar revision
A.D. 1926 Committee for Maritime Meteorology favors perpetual equal-quarter calendar
A.D. 1927 League of Nations requests governments to study subject
A.D. 1928 Bills and resolutions in U.S. Senate and House; formal hearings are held
A.D. 1929 Eisenach meeting of non-Roman churches again urges calendar revision. Resolutions introduced in U.S. Congress request president to call international conference on calenda4 revision
A.D. 1930 The World Calendar Association Inc. organized in New York
A.D. 1931 Preparatory Committee League of Nations in June; International Conference on Calendar Revision in October
A.D. 1932 Many international calendar committees formed favoring The World Calendar; Universal Christian Council inaugurates study on the matter
A.D. 1933 President Hoover’s Committee on Social Trend urges importance of calendar simplification
A.D. 1934 Protestant Episcopal Church approves fixed Easter in the 12-month equal-quarter World Calendar; governing bodies of American Lutheran and Methodist Episcopal South approve; Congress of Fraternal Insurance Societies endorses World Calendar. United Press questionnaires show that American clergy favors 7 to 1 The World Calendar, and a stabilized Easter 10 to 1. United Press in survey of American business opinion shows a preference for World Calendar to the 13-month plan by about 2 ½ to 1.
A.D. 1935 National Federation of Belgian Chambers of Commerce favors Easter stabilization and a 12-month calendar revision. Many national scientific associations approve World Calendar. National Academy of Sciences rescinds 1929 resolution which endorsed 13-month calendar. New York State Chamber of Commerce endorses it. American Statistical Association committee on calendar reform after study prefers 12-month equal-quarter plan.
A.D 1936 Labor Congress of American States at Santiago, Chile, approves perpetual World Calendar; International Labor Organization in resolution mentions world Calendar and requests League of Nations to study question further; London, British and Empire Chambers of Commerce approve; U.S. Central Statistical Board urges revision; Universal Christian Council, after four years’ study, approves stabilized Easter based on perpetual 12-month equal-quarter plan
A.D. 1937 National Education Association and World Federation of Education Associations favor a world calendar. League of Nations in March presents Chilean Draft on the World Calendar to State and non-State Members, 14 governments accept in principle; the League in September tables further activities on calendar revision
A.D. 1939 General Federation of Women’s Clubs at San Francisco approves resolution endorsing The World Calendar
A.D. 1940 National Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs, Council of bishops of Methodist Church, American Psychological Association approve The World Calendar
A.D. 1941 Milwaukee Society of Accountants approved the new World Calendar
A.D. 1942 Teachers College of Columbia university offers Fellowship on the study of the calendar. The National Conference on Uniform State Laws in its Committee on Scope and Program issues opinion believing The World Calendar most desirable. Lions Clubs in resolution endorse new time-plan.
A.D. 1943 Other Lions, Kiwanis and Rotary Clubs endorse The World Calendar. Fraternal Congresses of New York, Maryland, District of Columbia and State of Washington approve. Peoples Mandate Committee for Inter-American Peace and Co-operation passes a resolution commending The World Calendar. Study committees are being formed by National Retail Dry Goods Association rotary International, American Institute of Accountants, Illinois Agricultural Association, advertising clubs, etc.
What happened to the World Calendar?
"The clock is equally dependable. Its central point is the midnight hour 12 p.m. (Known in some parts of the world as 24 O’clock) that marks the end of one day and immediately on reaching the midnight hour announces the split second of the new day. The change is instant. The clock is our unfailing guide.
In contrast, the civil calendar has no focal point. It is true that the calendar always begins each new year on January first, but it fails utterly to mark the weekday. And herein lies a strange psychological mystery. Whereas man is meticulous in reckoning and arranging his everyday life by the weekday, yet in his annual recording by years, months and dates, he completely ignores, by some strange quirk, the day. But has not the day its particular characteristic as has the month?
The Calendar for Everybody
Republished by Omnigraphics.Detroit 1990
"To ignore the revision of the calendar just because it is a prosaic, mathematical and familiar instrument,, to adhere to the false premise that it must wait for a more propitious time, and to ignore its defects, are not justifiable reason for delaying the change. The confusion and unreliability of the calendar are constantly carried over into our civil life. Realizing this, should we not revise the calendar as quickly as possible?
See article "Eliminating Leap Year" by Jim Wilson POPULAR MECHANICS May 1996
See "Clock of the Long Now" by Stewart Brand
"One world should have one chronology, one calendar, one clock and one time zone," says Michael Pinder, president of the Britain-based organization "World Decimal Time Society"
In reality, killing Time Is only the name For another of the Multifarious ways By which Time Kills us."
Sir Osbert Sitwell
"Time, is of the mind. So if the human mind is operating in inaccurate time frequency, so is human civilization. And this is harming the biosphere. If we get the mind back in sync with the natural cycles, then this will pull us back into harmony with the biosphere."
"Our idea of time seems to be a natural attribute of the human mind. But that is a delusion. Such an idea scarcely exists where primitive mentality is concerned."
"Follow your desire as long as you live; do not lessen the time of following desire, for the wasting of time is an abomination to the spirit."
Ptahhotpe (2350 B.C.)
The average man spends\
5 years, 5 months eating
16 years working
7 months in church
8 years and 11 months for pleasure
Popular Science, July 1921
"Few men are more to be shunned than those who have time, but know not how to improve it, and so spend it in wasting the time of their neighbors, talking forever though they have nothing to say."
In this century, and moment of
Mania, Tell me a Story.
Make it a tale of great distances, and Starlight.
The name of the story will be Time.
But you must not pronounce its name
Tell me a story of deep delight."
Robert Penn Warren
"It is eternity now. I am in the midst of it. It is about me in the sunshine; I am in it, as the butterfly in the light-laden air.
Nothing has to come;
It is now.
Now is eternity;
Now is the immortal life."
The Story of my Heart (1883)
"Now that its all over, what did you really do
yesterday , that’s worth mentioning?
THE POWER OF SEVEN ...The Economist Dec 22,2001
(see article Christmas Issue)
The week, to which we are all enslaved, has a strange and erotic history.
Why does the Economist appear every seventh day? The answer is because we, like you, still regulate our lives by a septimal law that Mesopotamian star gazers framed, and local warlords imposed, more than 40 centuries ago. Our weekdays and weekends and weeks off, our dress-down Fridays, hectic Saturday nights. Sundays sacred or profane, and Monday-morning blues all have their origin in something that happened around 2360 B.C. Sargon I, King of Akkad, having conquered Ur and the other cities of Sumeria, then instituted a seven-day week, the first to be recorded.
Ur was probably using weeks, less formally, long before Sargon came marching in. The Sumerians were great innovators in matters of time. It is to them, ultimately, that we owe not only the week but also the 60-minute hour. Such things came easily to people who based their math's not on a decimal system but on a sexagisimal one.
Why were these clever chaps, who went for 60 because it is divisible by 2,3,4,5,6,10,12,15,20 and 30, fascinated by stubbornly indivisible seven? In ancient Egypt and ancient China, "weeks" of ten days were long in use-much more understandable, as people have ten fingers to count on, not seven, (And yet you have to wonder, if the Pharaohs' long week was intended to drive their workforce harder, whether it provoked the Exodus?)
Today, most of the human race takes it for granted that their activities are recorded in weeks. There are two groups: those who feel that the week has religious significance and that there is something holy about one day in seven, and those who have no such feeling. In neither group will you find many people who know how the week came into existence, or came to matter.
"Men of old" knew. They could read it in the heavens. In a song of great antiquity like" Green grow the rushes O", it was natural, perhaps unavoidable, to include the line "Seven for the seven stars in the sky."
They are all still there: Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn. We may send out spacecraft to ring them round, but we ourselves are still held in the hebdomadal grip of the Seven."
While the two of them together were
He forgot the wild where he was born.
For seven days and seven nights
Enkidu was erect and coupled with
(ancient Sumerian version of the beginning of the seven days-the ape-man became human through sex)
"In the 1580s, the settled areas along the 77th meridian (the Caribbean, Peru, etc.) were under Spanish-hence Catholic-control. In order to grab part of God's Longitude and found a New Albion, enabling them to introduce the rival Perfect Christian Calendar, England mounted various expeditions which historians have since misinterpreted, thinking them to be merely quests for new lands and new products. The real motivation was quite different: to seize a piece of the calendrical meridian in order to establish a better calendar than the Gregorian, a weapon with which to convert other wavering Christian states in Europe to Protestantism. In 1585, after a preliminary expedition the previous year, English colonists were dispatched to Roanoke Island, off the coast of what is now North Carolina. The so-called Lost Colony was a bizarre place from which to start the colonization of the New World but an excellent site from which to make astronomical observations to fix the longitude and thus decide how far inland New Albion should be. Similarly, in 1607 the choice of Jamestown Island, sixty miles up the James River, seems obtuse from the settlement perspective: why not out on Chesapeake Bay and away from the attacks of the local Algonquins? But the choices make sense when you consider the paramount need to grab a piece of God's Longitude. From the foothold the English managed to gain, Old Virginny grew and later other colonizers came to New England, and New Amsterdam was seized from the Dutch. But these later utilitarian developments do not reflect the original purpose of the English expeditions to Roanoke and Jamestown Islands-any more than that the Eiffel Tower was built to provide a mount for the many radio antennas which now festoon its apex.
After the fact, the English did not reveal their prime motivation for Raleigh's American adventures and the huge investment in the ill-starred Jamestown colony, and all of this is yet to be properly teased out. But if the English had never invented their nonimplemented 33-year Protestant calendar, then the U.S.A. as it is would not exist, and all of the scientific, technological, and cultural developments of the world over the past couple of centuries would be quite different. In view of this, I nominate that calendar, due to John Dee, as the Most Important Invention of the Past Two Thousand Years."
The Greatest Inventions of the Past 2000 Years
see interview with Jose Arguelles in Magical Blend Magazine or www.magicalblend.com
(short excerpt below)
"Calendar change is actually an act of very high magic. People have to understand the calendar program we are currently operating under is a spell-any calendar is a spell. To change calendars is to go from one spell to another. To go to a spell that is absolutely harmonic, absolutely perfect, that is absolutely synchronized with the universe is to create a spell on the human mind that places the human mind into a galactic dreamspell where it is operating in unison with the universe. This will change things more than any other event you can imagine. Our deepest dream is to arrive at that point in 2012 where we are all synchronized in telepathy, breathing as one-like one large flower."
"Stand fast in the Unchangeable Life and Seed of God which was before all changings and alterings were and which will remain when all that is gone."
"For this Light was before Time and is in Time."
See: "Time: A traveler’s guide"By Clifford A. Pickover
Book: "TIME: Its Origin, Its Enigma, Its History" by Alexander Waugh
Book: "Sacred Time and the Search for Meaning" by Gary Eberle
Book: "Precision Pendulum Clocks: The Quest for Accurate Timekeeping" by Derek Roberts et al.
Book: "Einstein's Clocks, Poincare's Maps: Empires of Time" by Peter Galson
Book: "Sex,Time & Power: How Women's Sexuality Shaped Human Evolution" by Leonard Shalain
Book: "TIME AND THE TECHNOSPHERE The Law of Time in Human Affairs" by Jose Arguelles
Book: "The Time of Our Singing" by Richard Powers
Book: "Time Lord: Sir Sandford Fleming and the Creation of Standard Time" by Clark Blaise
Book: "Time and the Technosphere" by Jose Arguelles
Book: "Medieval Calendars" by Teresa Perez Higuera
Book: Calendar: Humanity's Epic Struggle to Determine a True and Accurate Year" by David Ewing Duncan
Book: "Measuring Eternity: The Search for the Beginning of Time" by Martin Gorst
Book: "The Missing Moment: How the Unconscious Shapes Modern Science" by Robert Pollack
Book: "Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World" by David S. Landes
Book: "THE HISTORY OF CLOCKS & WATCHES by Eric Bruton
Book: "A SideWays Look At Time" by Jay Griffiths
Book: "Time and the Art of Living" by Robert Grudin
Book: "Being and Time" by Martin Heidegger
Book: "Temple Festival Calendars of Ancient Egypt" by Sherif El-Sabban
Book: The Calendar: Discoveries" by Jacqueline de Bourgoing
Book: "God and Time: Essays on the Divine Nature" Ed by G.E. Ganssie & D.M. Woodruff
Book: "Empires of Time: Calendars, Clocks and Cultures" by Anthony Aveni
Book: "The Secret of the Incas: Myth, Astronomy, and the War Against Time" by William Sullivan
Book: "The Man Who Found Time: James Hutton and the Discovery of the Earth's Antiquity" by Jack Repcheck
Book: "Architectures of Time: Toward a Theory of the Event in Modernist Culture" by Sanford Kwinter
Book: "The Dance Of Time: The Origins of the Calendar" by Michael Judge
Book: "Sacred Time and The Search For Meaning" by Gary Eberle
See article: "Reimagining the Days of Our Lives: A Visionary California theater company unveils a new kind of calendar" in UTNE Mag Jan-Feb 2003
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