"We in the West have always been uncomfortable with Islam. We have tolerance for, even interest in , Buddhism and Oriental religions, but Islam-a faith followed by one sixth of the world population-seems rooted in fanaticism and vaguely threatening. Many of us think of Christianity as standing for things, and of Islam as standing against things."
"Millions of people.....of Europe and America have forgotten all about Islam....They take for granted that it is just a foreign religion which will not concern them. It is, in fact, the most formidable and persistent enemy which our civilization has had....The story is by no means over; the power of Islam may at any moment re-arise."
Hilaire Belloc 1938
"Here is the West, then: after having sown injustice, servitude and tyranny, it is bewildered, and writhes in its contradictions; all that is necessary is for a powerful Eastern hand to reach out, in the shadow of the standard of God on which will float the pennant of the Koran, a standard help up by the army of the faith, powerful and solid; and the world under the banner of Islam will again find calm and peace."
Hassan al-Banna 1946
"Let me give you some advice, Mr. Shah! Dear Mr. Shah, I advise you to desist....I don't want the people to offer up thanks if your (foreign) masters should decide one day that you must leave. I don't want you to become like your father.....During World War II the Soviet Union, Britain and America invaded Iran and occupied our country. The property of the people was exposed and their honor was imperiled. But God knows, everyone was happy the Pahlavi had gone!....Don't you know that if one day some uproar occurs and the tables are turned, none of these people around you will be your friends."
(letter from Ayatollah Khomeini to the Shaw of Iran 1963)
"...Whether we regard the word "Islam" from its lexical or religious aspect, we find that it does not refer to a specific person, in the way Buddhism refers to the Buddha or the Zoroastrian faith to Zoroaster; it does not refer, either, to a specific people in the way Judaism refers to a specific people; nor does it denote a certain region or country, as do yet other religions. A religion which is related, or refers to a certain person, or people, or region, is necessarily limited in time by the survival of that person or people, and limited in space by their geographical location. In contrast to this the word "Islam" knows no such limiting time or space, person or people. So divorced is the word from any specific location that in considering it we are taken directly to an unlimited sphere which extends beyond the bounds of the globe. Nor is it limited in history by the era of the Mohammedan mission."
-Abdel Hameed Mahumud
"Western attacks on Islam and negative media stereotypes of Muslims help confirm Islamist paranoia about a supposed Western plot to eradicate Islam. Some self-appointed Western 'experts' also play into the hands of the most extreme Islamists through their excessive characterization of Islam's uniqueness as a religion. Islamists, too, would like their fellow Muslims to believe that Islam is really too self-contained to adjust to modernity or democracy."
Islam and the West
arab n 1 syn vagabond, clochard, drifter, floater, hobo, roadster, street arab, tramp, vag, vagrant. syn 2 peddler, duffer, hawker, higgler, huckster, monger, mongerer, outcrier, packman, vendor.
-Webster's Collegiate Thesaurus
"If any religion has a chance of ruling over England, nay Europe, within the next hundred years, it can only be Islam. I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation, because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion, which appears to me, to possess the assimilating capability to the changing phase of existence, which can make its appeal to every age. I believe, that if a man like Muhammad were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problem, in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness."
-George Bernard Shaw
"For an intelligent, educated Westerner to convert to Islam is an act of mental suicide, a self-conscious infantilism born of the willful ignorance that refuses to look facts in the face, the adult equivalent of the rebellious teenager seeking a way to offend by choosing the antithesis of his or her parents' cultural values. The choice between Islam and the critical skepticism that has made the modern world is a choice between a return to the womb, the essence of the mystical experience, and going forward into the future without guide or refuge; if courage is the first of the virtues, the explorer has more than the stay-at-home. Traditionalism, the deliberate and knowing return to ways of thinking and living long abandoned, as urged by Guenon and his followers in the mystical-romantic school of Islamic studies, is a self-contradiction that even those immersed in a traditional world were self-aware enough to recognize."
Islamic Mysticism: A Secular Perspective
"From the confines of Jerusalem and from the city of Constantinople a horrible tale has gone forth. An accursed race, a race utterly alienated from God, has invaded the lands of those Christians and depopulated them by the sword, plundering, and fire."
Pope Urban II Council of Clermont 1095 A.D.
"The Saracens do great honour to the Temple of Our Lord, saying that it is a very holy place. When they enter it, they take off their shoes and kneel often with great reverence. When my companions and I saw them do so, we too took off our shoes and thought it was the more reasonable that we Christians should do as much worship and honour to God as unbelievers did."
Sir John Mandeville
Book: "A History of Christian-Muslim Relations" by Hugh Goddard
"Toleration of Muslims who resided outside Christendom under their own government, even negotiation with them, was liable to be suspected as treasonable to the Western Church. A well-known example is the accusation of treachery against Raymund of Tripoli, for allowing al-Afdal's party to cross his territory when war was impending; not only was there contemporary criticism, but Raymund and others of the opposition to the Lusignans passed into legend as traitors to Christendom. Richard I was suspected because of his negotiations with al-'Adil; in this connection even his friends reported that 'it was a common saying that a friendship with the Gentiles was a heinous offence.' Balian d'Ibelin feared to be described by the Imperial party as fonder of Muslims than of Christians. Among the crimes of Frederick II was his having had' the name of Muhammad cried in the Temple'; that is, he had agreed that the Qubbat as-Sakhrah, built as a mosque and, except during the short period of Latin rule, used as one, should continue so to be used, at a time when he had no option, because there was no possibility at all of stopping Islamic possession of it. When the Templars were to be accused of horrifying crimes, secret agreements with the Muslims and a willingness to secede to Islam were included among them. From another side, the paintings of the Jerusalem and 'Akka scriptoria testify, as Buchthal has recently shown, to the isolation of the Latin Kingdom from its Islamic surroundings. With the Crusades, the world had moved far from Gregory VII's direct negotiations of 1078, his personal recommendation of protégés to a Muslim ruler."
Islam and the West
"They received us indeed like angels of God, in their schools and colleges and monasteries, and in their churches or synagogues (i.e. in mosques), and their homes; and we diligently studied their religion and their works; and we were astounded how in so false a religion could be found works of such perfection. We refer here briefly to some of the works of perfection of the Muslims, rather to shame the Christians than to commend the Muslims. Who will not be astounded, if he carefully considers how great is the concern of these very Muslims for study, their devotion in prayer, their pity for the poor, their reverence for the name of God and the prophets and the Holy Places, their sobriety in manners, their hospitality to strangers, their harmony and love for each other?"
Let me tell you 'bout A-hab the A-rab, the sheik of the burning sand. He had emeralds and rubies just a-dripping off of him, and a ring on every finger of his hands.
-popular 1960s song by Ray Stevens
"Probably no ethnic or religious group has been so constantly and massively disparaged in the media as the Arab over the past two decades. Being Arab is a liability everywhere but in the Arab homelands, for virtually everywhere else the Arab is stereotyped in negative terms. When a school in suburban Washington, D.C. , held a Halloween costume party not long ago, eight of the children showed up dressed as Arabs. Their accessories included toy guns, rubber knives, oil cans and money bags. Even Sesame Street, the widely acclaimed American children's television show, once used an Arab figure to portray the concept of danger. And in 1978, when U.S. federal agents posing as wealthy Arabs from Oman and Lebanon offered bribes to congressmen in return for political favors, they called their undercover operation ABSCAM (for Arab scam) Few people were offended, but I wonder what the public reaction would been had they named their operation Jewscam or blackscam. No matter. The Arab is fair game, particularly on television.
"The intellectual-and thereby the rational-foundation of Islam results in the average Muslim having a curious tendency to believe that non-Muslims either know that Islam is the truth and reject it out of pure obstinacy, or else are simply ignorant of it and can be converted by elementary explanations; that anyone should be able to oppose Islam with a good conscience quite exceeds the Muslim's imagination, precisely because Islam coincides in his mind with the irresistible logic of things."
"The first world religion to show any enthusiasm for commerce was Islam. The Prophet Muhammad had been engaged in trade, and his first wife was an important businesswoman in the very mercantile city of Mecca. The Koran said, 'Merchants are the messengers of this world and God's trustees on earth.' The markets are God's tables,' added Al-Ghazali. The Muslims were the first to produce a book in praise of commerce , The Beauties of Trade, by Ja'far b. Ali ad-Dimishqi, in the twelfth century, arguing that trade is 'the best of all gainful employments and the most conducive to happiness;. Islam's extraordinarily rapid expansion over half the globe was a commercial as well as a religious victory, the European Dark Ages, and a visit to them was the equivalent of tasting the delights of Paris five centuries later. "
An Intimate History of Humanity
"But escaping from the shadow of the Arab stereotyping is difficult. Newspaper editors still feel more comfortable dealing with the Middle East from the Israeli perspective. The public still treats Arabs as objects of curiosity and ridicule. Politicians, fearful of offending American Jews, still consider an association with Arab Americans a potential onus. During the 1984 presidential campaign, Walter Mondale responded to Jewish pressure by returning five thousand dollars in contributions he had received from four Arab Americans. A fifth contribution was returned to a woman simply because her name sounded Arabic. In 1986 , James Abourezk, a former U.S. senator of Lebanese descent who is chairman of the American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, sent a personal check of one hundred dollars to help Joseph Kennedy, the son of Robert F. Kennedy, in his Massachusetts campaign for Congress. One of Kennedy's aides, Steve Rothstein, returned the contribution, saying it was too "controversial." When Vice President George Bush toured the Middle East in 1986 as prelude to seeking the Republican presidential nomination, he brought along a private film crew to film him in Israel. The crew did not accompany him on the remainder of the trip to Egypt and Jordan because, as one official put it "There is nothing to be gained schmoozing with the Arabs."
"History makes it clear, however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of the sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated."
De Lacy O'Leary
"People seem to take it for granted that an alien society is dangerous, if not hostile, and the spasmodic outbreak of warfare between Islam and Christendom throughout history has been one manifestation of this. Apparently, under the pressure of their sense of danger, whether real or imagined, a deformed image of their enemy's beliefs takes shape in men's minds. By misapprehension and misrepresentation, a notion of the ideas and beliefs of one society can pass into the accepted myths of another society, in a form so distorted that its relation to the original facts is sometimes barely discernible. Doctrines that are the expression of the spiritual outlook of an enemy are interpreted ungenerously and with prejudice, and even the facts are modified-and in good faith- to suit the interpretation. In this way is constituted a body of belief about what another group of people believes. A 'real truth' is identified: this is something that contrasts with what the enemy say they believe; they must not be allowed to speak for themselves. This doctrine about doctrine is widely repeated, and confirmed by repetition in slightly varying forms. The experts, perhaps because being close to the facts is a constant stimulus to their zeal, contribute most to the process and they are themselves of course wholly convinced by it.
Islam and the West
"Islam revolutionized the Arabs within a short 23 years. It raised them from their decadent state to complete mental and social advancement. Idol worship was replaced with the reverence of God almighty. Moral perversion was dislodged by virtue and decency. Within a matter of decades impoverished, illiterate desert dwellers became the world's foremost leaders in spirituality as well as in the sciences and civilization. Plus, they maintained that power for hundreds of years. While modern historians describe the societal impact of various revolutions and cultural revivals, such as the Renaissance and French Revolution, this change in society was the most profound ever recorded in history. The Arabs were rapidly transformed from the depths of moral and intellectual stagnation into the models of decency, clemency, sophistication, and scholarship. What's more, this revolution surged far beyond the Arabian peninsula, influencing humanity globally."
Dr. Kasem Khaleel
The Arab Connection
"A Muslim is not allowed to start violence, but he is allowed to answer back with violence if someone else starts."
-Dr. Hassan al-Turabi
Islam states: "Blessed are they who are blameless as respects women, who are charitable, who talk not vainly, who are humble, who observe their pledges and covenants, who guard their prayers."
"The light of these (Islamic) universities shone far beyond the Moslem World, and drew students from east and west. At Cordoba, in particular, there were great numbers of Christian students, and the influence of Arab philosophy coming by way of Spain upon universities of Paris, Oxford, and North Italy and upon Western European thought was very considerable indeed."
Outline of History
"Europe has continued to keep out of sight our scientific obligations to the Mussalmans. Surely they cannot be much longer hidden."
-Rev. G. Margoliouth
"History as such has never held much interest for most Muslims. What is important about historical events is simply that God works through them. The significant events of the past are those that have a direct impact on people's present situation and their situation in the next world. From this point of view, the one event of overwhelming significance is God's revelation of the Koran. The actual historical and social circumstances in which it was revealed relate to an extremely specialized field of learning that few scholars ever bothered with. The fact that Western historians have devoted a great deal of attention to this issue says something about modern perceptions of what is real and important, but it tells us nothing about Muslim perceptions of the Koran's significance."
W.C. Chittick and S. Murata
The Vision of Islam
"Islam has made possible the optimum survival and happiness of millions of human beings in an increasingly impoverished environment over a fourteen-hundred-year period."
Carleton Stevens Coon (1951)
Thus anyone who believes in the Qur’anic vision has to work tirelessly and fearlessly to create a just society, where everyone is free and human dignity not crushed; where no one is a tyrant and others tyrannized; where no one is master and others slaves; where no one exploits and others are not exploited; where freedom of conscience and freedom to act are not compromised. That will be the Qur’anic society."
Dr. Asghar Ali
"The Qur'an has no parallel outside Islam. Christians have sometimes seen it as equivalent to the Bible. They have not always realized that the Qur'an describes itself (and previous revelations also, though not word for word) as copied from a heavenly prototype, so that it is really unlike anything known to Christianity. Still less have they understood that it is believed to be the uncreated Word of God. This doctrine, which was arrived at comparatively late in the development of the consensus of Islamic opinion, was yet generally accepted two centuries before the period that concerns us. The Qur'an in Islam is very nearly what Christ is in Christianity: the Word of God, the whole expression of revelation. For the most Bible-loving, Protestant or Catholic, the Bible derives its significance from Christ; but Muhammad derives his from the Qur'an. In their failure to realize this, Latin's persistently contrasted Christ and Muhammad, and nothing marks more clearly the distance between Islamic and European thought."
Islam and the West: The Making of an Image
"Islam is politics or it is nothing."
The Ayatollah Khomeini
"We shall export our revolution to the whole world: Until the cry "Allah Akbar" resounds over the whole world, there will be struggle. There will be Ji'had."
"The governments of the world should know that Islam cannot be defeated. Islam will be victorious in all the countries of the world, and Islam and the teachings of the Koran will prevail all over the world."
"One cannot grasp the inspiring spirit of the Quran, unless one begins to put its message into practice, for the Quran is neither a book of abstract ideas and theories which may be studied in an easy chair nor is it a book of religious enigmas which may be unraveled in monasteries and universities. It is a Book that has been sent down to invite people to start a movement and to lead its followers and direct their activities toward the achievement of its mission. One has, therefore, to go to the battlefield of life to understand its real meaning."
Abul A'ala Maududi
" The number of the campaigns which he led in person during the last ten years of his life is twenty-seven, in nine of which there was hard fighting. The number of the expeditions which he planned and sent out under other leaders is thirty-eight. He personally controlled every detail of organization, judged every case and was accessible to every supplicant. In those ten years he destroyed idolatry in Arabia; raised woman from the status of a chattel to complete legal equality with man; effectually stopped the drunkenness and immorality which had til then disgraced the Arabs; made men in love with faith, sincerity and honest dealing; transformed tribes who had been for centuries content with ignorance into a people with the greatest thirst for knowledge; and for the first time in history made universal human brotherhood a fact and principle of common law. And his support and guide in all that work was the Koran. "
(introduction to the Glorious Koran by Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall)
"No religion in History spread so rapidly as Islam."
James A. Michener
"It is as toilsome reading as I ever undertook, a wearisome, confused jumble, crude, incondite. Nothing but a sense of duty could carry any European through the Koran' puts succinctly what must indeed be the first impression of any reader. But years of close study confirm his further judgment that in it 'there is a merit quite other than the literary one. If a book comes from the heart, it will contrive to reach other hearts; all art and authorcraft are of small account to that."
(Carlyle on the Koran)
"Islam maintains itself in existence in the modern world by refusing to look critically at its origins and by a systematic program of indoctrination of the young whereby their critical faculties are neutralized before they have a chance to develop. Forcing five-year-olds to learn the Koran by heart is an aspect of child abuse curiously overlooked by concerned liberals. As R.E. Burns has observed, "The rote recitation of the Qur'an by young boys for hours at a time has a mentally unbalancing effect upon them. " The inner experiences that may result from such activities, which some would regard as their validation, are no more than might be expected from being a participant in a particular religious milieu; the argument for Islam from the evidence of religious experience fares no better in its case than in any other, even at the abstract level of fana and baqa."
Islamic Mysticism: A Secular Perspective
"He (Mohammed) who, standing alone, braved for years the hatred of his people is the same who was never the first to withdraw his hand from another's clasp; the beloved of children, who never passed a group of little ones without a smile from his wonderful eyes and a kind word for them, sounding all the kinder in that sweet-toned voice....He was one of those happy few who have attained the supreme joy of making one great truth their very life-spring. He was the messenger of the one God; and never to his life's end did he forget who he was, or the message which was the marrow of his being. He brought his tidings to his people with a grand dignity sprung from the consciousness of his high office, together with a most sweet humility whose roots lay in the knowledge of his own weakness."
Stanley Lane Poole
"He lived in great humility, performing the most menial tasks with his own hands; he kindled the fire, swept the floor, milked the ewes, patched his own garments and cobbled his own shoes. He labored for the amelioration of the slaves' lot, liberating any that were presented to him."
"The friend I most emulate is a Muslim unencumbered; a man of small family, and little money, a performer of prayers and a perfect worshipper of God in private, one who is unknown, and hath enough to supply his wants, and when he dieth, he will leave a few women to cry for him, and few legacies."
Mohammed (Sayings of Mohammed)
"The inhabitants of Mecca are distinguished by many excellent and noble activities and qualities, by their beneficence to the humble and weak, and by their kindness to strangers. When any of them makes a feast he begins by giving food to the religious devotees who are poor and without resources, inviting them first with kindness and delicacy…..The Meccans are very elegant and clean in their dress, and most of them wear white garments , which you always see fresh and snowy….The Meccan women are extraordinarily beautiful and very pious and modest….they visit the mosque every Thursday night, wearing their finest apparel; and the whole sanctuary is saturated with the smell of their perfume."
Ibn Battutah (in 1326)
"Islam is the religion of the Universe, Islam is the destiny of mankind. That destiny must come to fulfillment sooner or later. Muslims carry a great responsibility on their shoulders in that respect, and the earlier they awaken to it the better."
Prof. Dr. C. Antonoff
Allah has bought from the Umma-the true believers of Islam-their selves and their substance in return for Paradise; they fight in the way of Allah, killing and being killed. Their promise is written in the blood of the moon. Rejoice in the bargain. That is surely the supreme triumph.
See article: Black Muslims Flock to a Moderate Cleric of Radical Pedigree….Wall Street Journal ,Fri,July 9,1999
The quest of knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim….verily the men of knowledge are the inheritors of the Prophets….seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave."
Al Azhar in Cairo-early University Madarasa-Qur’anic Education
"The real issue at stake here between Muslims and Christians is whether or not worldly success can legitimately crown religious achievement. And the Koran does presuppose that religion is not allergic to worldly triumph."
The Final Imperative
"These Arabs do not only avoid fighting Christianity, they even endorse our religion, they honour our priests and holy men and donate gifts to monasteries and churches."
(Head of the Nestorian Church AD 650)
In the Garden of Myrtles; Studies in Early Islamic Mysticism
"Within a week, I had joined Islam, everything became normal and automatic. I prayed five times a day and began to read the Koran with what was available, that is, in French, although really you can only fully understand it in Arabic, literary Arabic, which is much lovelier than Arab dialect. The Koran is the instructions God our Creator gave us for living on earth. When you buy a washing machine, if you don’t have the manufacturer’s instructions, you can’t get it to work properly. The Koran is the same….The veil was part of my duty as a Muslim, it was natural to wear it, it didn’t bother me at all."
Scherazade (the teenage French girl who caused great controversy in France over wearing a veil to school)
At Christmas 1993, Scherazade took part in the UOIF gathering at Le Bourget, where she spoke to great acclaim; describing the incidents leading to her exclusion, she declared: ‘Even if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left hand, I would not take off my veil.’ As she said later, ‘When I’d finished speaking, even the men were crying. The beginning of the sentence about the sun and the moon was the words the Prophet spoke on the day people from Mecca came to ask him to give up his religion."
(official French statistics show that as soon as a mosque is built in France, the number of thieves and drug addicts goes down)
"When Scherazade the Muslim wore her veil, and when the head teacher ordered her to remove it, they represented in real terms the history of Islam against its enemies, Good against Evil, tolerance and mercy against racism and violence….Her friend Sandra converted to Islam, along with Rose and Caroline; Fatima, Aicha, Bathina and Naoual returned to Islam, whereas before they were Muslims only in name; truly something beautiful for those who appreciate beauty, and something terrible for those who prefer to remain in darkness….."
Allah in the West*
"The veil, so overlaid with symbolic meaning for Westerners, is for Yemeni women just another item of dress. If it is not essential as protection against the cold, then neither are stockings, bras or neckties. Casual Western observers, for whom the black sharshaf is a dehumanizer and who equate the veil with a gag, are allowing an obsession with symbolism to pull the wool over their own eyes. Underlying the use of hair-or face-coverings there are, of course, Arab-Islamic concepts of honor and modesty which the West does not share or has lost. The question of what to conceal-face, breasts, ankles, the legs of a grand piano-is not a question of sense but of sensibilities. The Turkey merchant Sir Henry Blount wrote in the seventeenth century of the Turks that they live 'by another kind of civilite, different from ours, but no less pretending'. His message has yet to get across. The veil is indeed a potent symbol, but a symbol of the unwillingness or inability of the West to understand the Arab world. The Iron Curtain has been and gone; the Muslim curtain still hangs, and probably always will."
Yemen: The Unknown Arabia
"In fact the modern Islamic revival has chosen to focus its energies on social works: health clinics, schools, orphanages and the like. This aspect of it is entirely veiled from consumers of the Western media, who only know the Islamic movement from some of its political manifestations. Baffled by its rhetoric, and incensed by the 'behavior of a small minority of activists, Western public opinion views it as as a force of aberrant evil which endangers the progress of 'modern' (a euphemism for 'Western') values. Christians must understand that this image is the precise opposite of the Muslim perception, which sees Westernization as the harbinger of cultural extinction and cultural breakdown, a malign cancer imposed by force, first by Christian and post-Christian armies, and later by military regimes presiding over a Muslim world whose indigenous political processes have been deconstructed by colonial policy, whose territory stands divided by national boundaries not drawn by Muslim hands, and where the still devout masses are held down by small Westernized elites with little but contempt for indigenous culture and values. It should unsurprising that these masses are instinctively hostile to such an order."
The Final Imperative
"We believe that because we are on the side of truth, then we are on the side of God. And because God is with us, then everything shall be in our favor."
"We have in reality, then, no choice but to destroy those systems of government that are corrupt in themselves and also entail the corruption of others, and to overthrow all treacherous, corrupt, oppressive, and criminal regimes. This is the duty that all Moslems must fulfill, in every one of the Moslem countries first, and then throughout the infidel West, in order to achieve the triumph of our revolution and to garner the blessing of Allah."
"In 2001, one of the things that puzzled many people, especially in the West, was Osama bin Laden's frequent reference to the suffering of the past eighty years. One can see why, say, fifty years might have made more sense-the Israeli state was established in 1948, and thousands of Palestinians were evicted from their ancestral homelands following the defeat of the Arab armies both that year and in 1967. But to bin Laden and his fellow followers of the more extreme salafiyya version of Islam-the kind that wants to recreate the pure Islamic and Arab-led Islam of the seventh century-the defeat and betrayal of 1918 was the real disaster."
In the Islamist view, the map of the Middle East as we know it now is entirely the result of the invasion of that region by Britain and France, and their plans for it. It is not the map that would have been drawn if the Ottoman Empire had imploded from within."
Churchill's Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq
Book: "The Essential Koran: The Heart of Islam" by Thomas Cleary
Book: "Islam: A Thousand Years of Faith and Power" by Jonathan Bloom & Sheila Blair
Book: "A Literary History of the Arabs"...R.A. Nicholson
Book: "History of the Arabs." by..P.K. Hitti
Book: "The Arabs in History." bu..B. Lewis
Book: "The Arab Mind, Revised Edition" by Raphael Patar
Book: "The Arabian Connection" by Dr. Kasem Khaleel
Book: "The Preaching of Islam" bu...Sir T. W. Arnold
Book: "Islam, Economics, and Society" by Syed Nawab Haider Naqvi
Book: Mystical Elements in Mohammed...by J.C. Archer
Book: "Jihad" by Gilles Kepel
Book: "A Study in Tolerance" As Practiced by Muhammad and His immediate Successors" by Adolph L. Wismar
Book: "The Receding Shadow of the Prophet: The Rise and Fall of Radical Political Islam" by Ray Takeyh & Nikdask Gvosdev
Book: "The Malady of Islam" by Abdelwahab Meddeb
Book: "The Miseducation of the West: How Schools and the Media distort Our Understanding of the Islamic World" Ed by Joe L. Kincheloe & Shirley R. Steinberg
See: International Arabic Encyclopedia. a monumental compendium of 30 bound volumes. as a guide to the history, religion, culture, science, literature, medicine, ethnography and other intellectual and spiritual achievements of the Arabic and Islamic nations. Published by HRH Prince Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz of Saudi Arabia
Book: "Living Islam…from Samarkand to Stornoway" by Akbar S. Ahmed
Book: "Islam" by Younis Tawfik
Book: "Two Faces of Islam" by Stephen Schwartz
Book: "Jihad" by Ahmed Rashid
Book: "Chechnya" by Anatol Lieven
Book: "The Carpet Wars: From Kabul to Baghdad" by Christopher Kremmer
Book: "Oxford History of Islam...Ed by John L. Esposito
Book: "Islam and Human Ideology" by Samih Alef El Zein
Book: "Islam and the West" by Bernard Lewis
Book: "The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West" by Gilles Kepel
Book: "The Dual Nature of Islamic Fundamentalism" by Johannes J.G. Jansen
Book: "The Sword of the Prophet: Islam, History, Theology, Impact on the world" by Serge Trifkovic
Book: "The Final Imperative" by Shabbir Akhtar
Book: "Islam, Economics, and Society" by Syed Nawab Haider Naqvi
Book: The Muslims of America" by Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad
Book: "Black Pilgrimage to Islam" by Robert Dannin
Book: "Why I Am a Muslim" by Asma Gull Hasan
Book: "American Muslims: The New Generations" by Asma Gull Hasan
Book: "The Trouble With Islam; A Muslim's Call for Reform in Her Faith" by Irshad Manji
Book: "What's Right With Islam: A New Vision for Muslims and the West" by Feisal Abdul Rauf
Book: "Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World" by Patricia Crone & Michael Cook
Book: "Islamic Mysticism: A Secular Perspective" by Ibn Al-Rawandi
Book: "The Great Confrontation: Europe and Islam Through the Centuries" by Ilya V. Gaiduk
Book: "The Cross and the Crescent: Christianity and Islam from Muhammad to the Reformation" by Richard Fletcher
Book: "Journeys of the Muslim Nation and The Christian Church'" by David W. Shenk
Book: "Wahhabi Islam: From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad" by Natana J. Delong-Bas
Book: "Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World" by Carl Ernst
Book: "Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah" by Olivier Roy
Book: "The War For Muslim Minds: Islam and the West" by Gilles Kepel
Book: 'Unholy Alliance: Radical Islam and the American Left" by David Horowitz
Book: "At the Heart of Terror: Islam, Jihadists and America's War on Terrorism" by Monte Palmer and Princess Palmer
Book: "Pakistan's Drift Into Extremism: Allah, The Army and America's War on Terror" by Hassan Abbas
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